On a flat part of a beach on the western edge of Bylot Island, a brown boulder marks the spot where Captain J.E. Bernier took possession of Bylot Island in the name of Canada on Aug. 21, 1906. This was the first place that Bernier landed and claimed for Canada. A member of his crew chiseled the words “Arctic 1906” on the rock, and Bernier placed the proclamation in a bottle and placed it in the cairn built around the rock. It is largely due to him that the Canadian flag now flies over the Arctic Archipelago. The point was named Canada Point in honour of the first steamer belonging to the Canadian Navy.