The Honourable John Manley, P.C., O.C., is President and Chief Executive Officer of the Business Council of Canada, representing the CEOs and entrepreneurs of 150 leading Canadian companies. A former Deputy Prime Minister of Canada, he was first elected to Parliament in 1988, and served four terms. From 1993 to 2003 he served in Cabinet consecutively as Minister of Industry, Foreign Affairs, and Finance. As Minister of Foreign Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister, he led the government’s response to the 9/11 attacks, ultimately serving as counterpart to Governor Tom Ridge, the first U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security. Since leaving government in 2004, Mr. Manley has continued to be active in public policy, currently as chair of the Advisory Council of the Canadian Global Affairs Institute and the Canadian Branch of the Trilateral Commission, and as a member of the International Advisory Council of the Brookings Institution and the Wilson Center Global Advisory Council. An Officer of the Order of Canada, he is Chair of CIBC, one of Canada’s largest financial institutions, and also serves on the boards of other publicly traded companies. Prior to entering politics, Mr. Manley practiced law, having graduated as gold medalist in common law at the University of Ottawa and serving as law clerk to the Chief Justice of Canada. He is the recipient of six honorary doctorates.